Preserving UK Websites
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Special Collections

Special Collections are groups of websites brought together on a particular theme by librarians, curators and other specialists, often working in collaboration with key organisations in the field.
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Black and Asian Britain

Collection focussing on Black and Asian communities and culture in the UK as well as the history of the Black and Asian presence in the UK.


Brexit is an abbreviation for "British exit," referring to the UK's decision in a June 23rd, 2016 referendum to leave the European Union (EU). This collection was initiated by staff at the Legal Deposit Libraries on 24th June 2016. It includes the websites of think tanks, interest groups, businesses and unions, news outlets, charities, politicians, political commentators, financial organisations. Websites have been selected across the spectrum of politial opinion. This collection is divided into sub collections: Blogs and social media; Business & trade unions; Economic impact; Government & UK Parliamentary action; Interest groups; Legislation & legal implications; News and media, Political parties, Research centres & think tanks. Separate collections address the impact of Brexit on Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and Ireland. There is also a separate collection on the EU Referendum covering the period November 2015 - June 2016.

Brexit : Impact on the Republic of Ireland

Collection about the impact of the UK exit from the European Union (EU) on the Republic of Ireland following the Referendum in June 2016.

British Stand-up Comedy Archive

The British Stand-Up Comedy Archive was established at the University of Kent in 2013 to celebrate, preserve, and provide access to the archives and records of British stand-up comedy and comedians. This Collection of websites has been curated by the BSUCA's Archivist to complement the physical collections held at the University of Kent.

Caribbean Communities in the UK

2018 marked 70 years since the Empire Windrush carried hundreds of Caribbean migrants to Britain. This collection of websites was initiated to accompany an exhibtion hosted by the British Library entitled "Windrush: Songs in a Strange Land" which explored why people came, what they left behind and how they went on to shape Britain. The website collection includes (but is not restricted to) themes such as ?Windrush?; Arts, Literature and Music; Race Relations, West Indies in WWI and WWII.

Climate Change Debates

This collection was curated by a science policy intern at the British Library in 2015 and consists of websites from different societal groups that have an active interest in the area of Climate Change. It includes websites of academics; the energy sector; policy makers; special interest groups; the media and members of the public.

Conservative Party Website deletions - Press articles November 2013

A collection of media articles on the story that the Conservative Party requested some material be deleted from their website.

District Councils

Websites offering information about the services provided by Borough Councils together with minutes and papers presented to Committees. This collection forms part of the Landing Page Pilot Project.

EU Referendum

Following the announcement in May 2015 that there would be a referendum on the UK?s EU membership; curators at the Bodleian Libraries, Oxford, started a collection of websites to capture the debate. The collection captures debates around ?Brexit? as well as the wider context of UK/EU relations, including: Media coverage, websites of political parties and other political institutions and groups campaigning and lobbying trade unions, professional organisations, businesses academic debate culture and arts public opinion through blogs, comments, and if possible social media. Some items in the collection are whole websites; others are a single news story or blog post.

Easter Rising

The 1916 Easter Rising was a pivotal moment in modern Irish history. It transformed the political landscape, paving the way for Irish independence, while also leaving a contentious legacy. The Rising, or more particularly the centenary of the events in Dublin in 1916, is being explored and represented in new ways thanks to technology and the work of colleagues at Trinity College Dublin and the Bodleian Library Oxford. During 2016 they built and curated a collection of websites related to the commemoration.

Ebola Outbreak, West Africa 2014

The West African Ebola virus epidemic (2013?2016) was the most widespread outbreak of Ebola virus disease in history?causing major loss of life and socioeconomic disruption in the region, mainly in the countries of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. This collection of websites was curated by staff at the Bodleian Library Oxford, focussing on the UK response to the disaster.

European Parliament Elections 2014

This collection of archived websites focusses on the 2014 European Parliament elections held on Thursday 22 May 2014. The websites, curated by staff at the Legal Deposit Libraries, have a UK focus and include campaign sites, press & media comment, interest groups and official party websites.

Evolving role of libraries in the UK

This collection aims to reflect developments within the UK library community in the 21st century, in response to financial, technological, political, social and other pressures and challenges. It highlights innovative library and information services, traditional and new professional roles and skills, communities of research and practice. The scope of the collection invites the addition of many more personal, organisation and community sites that capture the evolving role of UK libraries. The collection was initiated by staff at the British Library in 2009 but is ongoing.

FTSE 100

This collection includes the corporate websites of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange. The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index, also called the FTSE 100 Index, FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the "Footsie", is a share index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalisation. It is seen as a gauge of prosperity for businesses regulated by UK company law. The index is maintained by the FTSE Group, a subsidiary of the London Stock Exchange Group.

Family History

A collection aiming to gather genealogy online resources.

First World War Centenary, 2014-18

This collection includes a huge variety of websites related to the First World War (1914-1918), particularly the various events which took place in the Centenary period 2014-2018. The collection also includes resources about the history of the war; academic sites on the meaning of the conflict in modern memory and patterns of memorialisation and critical reflections on British involvement in armed conflict more generally. Staff at the British Library worked with the Heritage Lottery Fund to take archival copies of the websites of all HLF-funded First World War Centenary projects.

Food Archive

A food related collection covering these topics: Food Production (including farming, manufacture, packaging, logistics, marketing and retail) Cookery and Recipes Food History Food Activism Food Politics and Policy Diet and Health Restaurants and Eating Out Food Research

Forth Bridge 125th Anniversary

The world famous Forth Bridge opened on March 4th 1890, immediately becoming the world?s longest cantilever bridge, a position it still holds today. This collection of websites, curated by staff at the National Library of Scotland, focusses on the 125th anniversary of the Bridge in 2015 and the special events held throughout 2015 to mark this historic milestone.

Gender Equality

This collection gives an insight into attitudes in the UK relating to gender equality. The collection includes material relating to bodily autonomy; domestic abuse, gender equality in the workplace; gender identity; the gender pay gap; parenting; and women?s suffrage, including material relating to the centenary of the 1918 Representation of the Peoples Act.

Global UK

A collection of websites to representing various global communities living in the UK.

Grenfell Tower Fire

The Grenfell Tower fire broke out on 14 June 2017 in the 24-storey Grenfell Tower block of flats in North Kensington, West London leading to the death of over 70 people. This collection brings together some of the websites, news articles and social media accounts related to the fire.

Health and Social Care Act 2012 - NHS Reforms

The Health and Social Care Act 2012 brought in the most extensive reorganisation of the structure of the National Health Service in England to date. It removed responsibility for the health of citizens from the Secretary of State for Health, which the post had carried since the inception of the NHS in 1948. It abolished NHS primary care trusts (PCTs) and Strategic Health Authorities (SHAs) and transferred between £60 billion and £80 billion of "commissioning", or health care funds, from the abolished PCTs to several hundred "clinical commissioning groups", partly run by the general practitioners (GPs) in England but a major point of access for private service providers. A new executive agency of the Department of Health, Public Health England, was established under the Act on 1 April 2013. The websites in this collection, selected by staff at the British Library, include those of the Primary Care Trusts (PCTs), Public health agencies, health and wellbeing boards, Acute trusts, Clinical Commissioning Groups, LINks and their successor bodies, professional bodies, Royal Colleges, unions, Private Sector Care providers, Health Care organisations, charities, patient?s groups, political parties, MPs, Central Government, the Department of Health, regulatory bodies, Local Councils, the Press/news, opposing groups/commentators, blogs, twitter feeds, social media, scholarly institutions and research organisations.

History of Libraries Collection

A collection focused on library related activities in the UK.

History of the Book

A collection focused on the history of book printing and publishing.

Housing Activism

Struggles for decent and affordable housing, with secure and fair tenancies, are at the forefront of many anti-poverty movements and are often led by women. This collection of websites curated by Rachel Tavernor, a Media and Cultural Studies PhD Researcher at the University of Sussex, explores radical, feminist, and at times illegal, protest actions.

Housing and Social Housing

This collection of websites focusses on a wide range of housing issues, including but not limited to, private renting, social housing, squatting, access to benefits, homelessness, and co-operative housing.

Jersey Collection

Jersey Archive is responsible for preserving and providing access to the Island?s unique written cultural heritage. Increasingly this means that archivists need to start looking at ways in which we can archive digital information including websites and social media. This collection of websites curated by staff at Jersey Archive will become a part of Jersey?s evolving history.


2017 marks the 50th anniversary of the Sexual Offences Act, which partially decriminalised homosexuality. Over this time LGBTQ+ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, Queer/Questioning) issues have moved from something scarcely mentioned ? in fact barely legal - into the mainstream. The Library?s collections of LGBTQ+ printed materials go back almost 500 years and, augmented by more recent material in the Sound Archive, provide a unique resource for research into the subject. This collection of websites augments these collections to reflect comptemporary aspects of LGBTQ+ life in modern Britain.

Live Art

The Live Art Collection was initiated in late 2008 and is maintained by the British Library in collaboration with the Live Art Development Agency, London. Live Art is an innovative exploratory approach to contemporary performance practices. The range of websites in this collection includes organizations supporting, promoting and curating Live Art; artists’ websites; sites that are artistic or project-driven by their nature; blogsites and online spaces engaging in critical reviews; through to online archival sites relating to Live Art. This collection represents the diverse practices and approaches of artists today and the support and critical frameworks that exist to support, promote and comment upon Live Art and the ephemeral nature of this area of practice. This project was revisited in 2017 with new websites added to the collection.

Local History Societies

Growing collection of websites of UK local history societies, associations and groups.

London French Special Collection

This collection of websites was curated inbetween 2012 and 2014 by Dr. Saskia Huc-Hepher, a Senior Lecturer at the University of Westminster, on the subject of the French community in London. The Collection was a fundamental component of Dr. Huc-Hepher's thesis on the French community in London. It is hoped that the collection will serve both as an innovative dataset and as a means of reaching out to a diverse range of audiences.


2017 marks the 20th anniversary of the publication of Harry Potter and the Philosopher?s Stone. The National Library of Scotland and the British Library have curated a collection of Harry Potter themed websites to mark this significant literary milestone.

Magna Carta 2015

This collection of websites was curated by staff at the British Library in 2015 in parallel to an exhibition to mark the 800th anniversary of the Magna Carta. The wider scope of this collection includes the themes power, rule of law, human rights and societal values.

Margaret Thatcher

This collection of websites was curated by staff at the British Library following the death of Margaret Thatcher on 8 April 2013. Baroness Thatcher (1925 ? 2013) was a British stateswoman who was Prime Minister of the UK from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. She was the longest-serving British prime minister of the 20th century, and the first woman to have held the office. A Soviet journalist dubbed her The Iron Lady, a nickname that became popularly associated with her uncompromising politics and leadership style.

Mental Health, Social Media and the Internet

This collection was initiated in 2017 by staff and graduate trainee digital archivists at the Bodleian Libraries, Oxford University. It focusses on the effects that the internet and particularly social media, are having on mental health in the UK. Topics covered in the collection include research into social media?s effects on mental health (i.e Glasgow University?s study on late night internet use), relevant news items and UK based initiatives being taken by social media sites to tackle these issues. It also includes the ways in which social media and the internet can be used to facilitate open discussion on mental health (i.e. UK based blogs and twitter accounts aimed at tackling the stigma on discussing mental health.) The collection reflects contemporary attitudes within the UK towards this current social issue and provides insight into current social media and internet usage.

Muslims, Trust and Cultural Dialogue

Muslims, Trust and Cultural Dialogue is an RCUK-funded international research project that explores trust between Muslims and non-Muslims in Britain, Europe and North America. The project analyses the conditions of trust and mistrust in three overlapping areas of modern life: politics and society; business and finance; and art and culture. It is an international multidisciplinary network of scholars, practitioners and stakeholders exploring questions of trust in the relationship between Muslim diaspora populations in the West and the societies around them. The project is committed to understanding how existing practices in these three arenas enact dialogue and negotiation between groups in ways that can be mutually informative, and which help us move beyond misunderstanding and negative stereotyping. - See more at:

Nelson Mandela

This collection of websites was curated by staff at the British Library following the death of Nelson Mandela on 5 December 2013. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (1918 ? 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalised racism and fostering racial reconciliation. Ideologically an African nationalist and socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997.

News Sites

Collection of UK online news publications curated by subject specialists at the UK Legal Deposit Libraries. The sites are archived on either a daily or weekly basis. The collection does not just include newspaper's websites, but web-only news sites, community journalism sites (hyperlocals), news broadcasters? sites, news parody sites and more.

Online Enthusiast Communities in the UK

This collection, was initiated in 2016 and curated by staff and graduate trainee digital archivists at the Bodleian Libraries. It captures how UK based public forums are used to discuss hobbies and activities and serve as a place for enthusiasts to converse with others sharing similar interests. It gives an insight into how hobbyists of the British public are using the internet right now to further their social and recreational activities, and show the use of online communities in an everyday, routine manner rather than providing reactions to a particular event. The range of interests covered by online communities within the UK is surprisingly vast ? it is possible to find anything from the more traditional areas, such as stamp collecting and cycling, to the more esoteric, such as a community for those dedicated to turning their raspberry pi computers into retro gaming machines.

Oral History in the UK

The Oral History in the UK collection was initiated in 2012 and is maintained by the Oral History section of the British Library. The websites in this collection have been selected to demonstrate the variety of ways in which Oral History is used by community and local history groups, charities and universities. The range of websites in this collection includes sites which document the experiences of those that emmigrated to the UK (such as the Birmingham Black Oral History Project and Moroccan Memories in Britain); local history (Durham in Time, St. Helier Memories); disability history (Speaking Up For Disability); industry in the UK (Songs of Steel); and memories of war (The Workers' War, Captive Memories). The websites vary widely in the way they present oral history; many, although not all, provide access to extracts from oral history audio or video archive material and most sites also provide information on the project background, participants and funding arrangements. Websites will continue to be nominated for inclusion in the UK Web Archive and added to the 'Oral History in the UK' collection. if you would like to nominate any content to the collection you can fill in the online form:

Parliamentary Archives

A collection of websites related to the UK Parliament.

Poetry Zines and Journals

This collection of UK-based online poetry journals and magazines has been curated by a PhD candidate at Goldsmiths. It is concerned with contemporary responses to the increasing ubiquity of the internet and networked culture. Poetry communities are increasingly emerging out of and operating within digital spaces; participants are using social media for networking, collaboration and promotion, taking advantage of cheap web hosting and free blog domains to publish zines and chapbooks.

Political Action and Communication

This collection aims to represent and document the use of the web in political engagement in the UK: from single-authored blogs through local and grassroots campaigns to political parties and charities and trusts that support democratic engagement and activism. The collection also includes examples of research into levels of democratic engagement, and the use of communications technology in campaigning and activism.

Religion, politics and law since 2005

A collection of sites touching on issues relating to the place of religious ideas in the public sphere in the UK since 2005. It includes sites of official church bodies, as well as campaigning organisations both religious and secularist. Also included are sites concerned with parliamentary politics, along with others connected with the law and with contested issues such as the law on abortion, assisted suicide, and religion in state education. Those religious sites chosen are predominantly Christian in origin, but not exclusively so.


Websites identified by the Religious Archives Group (RAG). The collection was originally headed by Clive Field who was succeeded by Peter Webster.

Russia in the UK

This special collection focuses on Russian culture and community in the UK.

Russian Revolution Centenary

Collection of websites marking 100 years since the October Revolution (1917 - 2017).

Scottish Independence Referendum

On the 18th September 2014 voters were asked ?should Scotland be an independent country?. The results of this vote saw the electorate voting 55.3% in favour of remaining within the UK. For the first time in the UK, and specifically for that vote, 16 and 17 year olds were eligible to cast their ballots. Those born in other parts of the UK but resident in Scotland at the time of the vote were also eligible to vote, while those born in Scotland but no longer living there were not. These archived sites form part of a larger collection of books, reports, serials, and ephemeral material such as flyers, leaflets, etc., as well as moving image, sound and archival material made by the National Library of Scotland; for further information visit the Library's Scottish Independence Referendum 2014 Collection page:

Sport: Football

Football collection covering most codes of football such as soccer, rugby, and Gaelic football. For all other Gaelic sports see the general sports collection.

Sports: International Events

A mix of some of the international sporting events that have been hosted by the UK or where their was a strong British presence at the event.

Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author, who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death on the 14 March 2018, Cambridge.

The Queen's Official Birthday 2016

Collection of websites to mark the Queen's 90th birthday in 2016.

Tour de France (Yorkshire) 2014

The 2014 Tour de France was the fourth time the Tour visited Britain after previous visits in 1974, 1994 and 2007. The Tour headed through Yorkshire on 5 and 6 July, before moving south for a third stage, finishing in London. It finished on the Champs-Élysées in Paris on 27 July.

UK General Election 2015

Collection of websites, curated by staff at the Legal Deposit Libraries, focussing on the 2015 UK General Election which was held on 7 May 2015 to elect 650 members to the House of Commons. It was the first general election at the end of a fixed-term Parliament.

UK General Election 2017

Collection of websites, curated by staff at the Legal Deposit Libraries, focussing on the United Kingdom general election of 2017 which took place on Thursday 8 June. Under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 an election had not been due until 7 May 2020, but a call by Prime Minister Theresa May for a snap election was ratified by the necessary supermajority in a 522-13 vote in the House of Commons on 19 April 2017.

UK response to Typhoon Haiyan (Philippines) 2013

On the 8th November 2013 Typhoon Haiyan (also known as Yolanda), the strongest storm ever recorded at landfall, hit the Philippines, causing at least 6,200 fatalities. With more than 25,000 people injured, an estimated 4 million people homeless and the infrastructure of whole regions destroyed, the Philippines faced a humanitarian crisis. This collection captures internet sites with content about the UK response to Typhoon Haiyan, including news and commentary from national and regional news sites, information and appeals from charity and aid organisations? websites, Government pages, community group websites and blogs from immediately after the typhoon in November 2013 until January 2014. The websites in this collection have been selected by staff at the Bodleian Libraries, Oxford to reflect the diversity of the UK?s humanitarian aid response to Typhoon Haiyan, but also the political response, and emerging debates such as climate change and its impact on severe weather events, or the structures and efficiency of foreign aid in general.

UK/India Year of Culture 2017

The UK and India will celebrate a major bilateral year of cultural exchange throughout 2017. It marks the 70th anniversary of Indian independence and, through a varied programme of projects and events ? led by the Ministry of Culture in India, the Nehru Centre and other Indian cultural organisations in the UK and the British Council ? aims to highlight India-UK cultural relations.

VE /VJ Day 70th Anniversary 1945-2015

2015 marked 70 years since the Allied Powers celebrated the end of war in Europe and in the Far East. Victory in Europe Day, generally known as VE Day, was the public holiday celebrated on 8 May 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces. Commemorations were held to mark the 70th Anniversary of the Victory over Japan Day on Saturday 15 August 2015. The Japanese finally surrendered on 14 August 1945 following the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The next day, Wednesday 15 August 1945 was celebrated as VJ (Victory over Japan) Day.

Video Games

This collection focusses on computer games in the UK and the surrounding culture and impact on society. Expected sub-themes include: games sites, forums, enthusiast sites and FAQs/walkthroughs, advertising, emulation, research/education. The collection will aim to capture games (eg. disk images, executables of remakes) or information about games (eg. maps, walkthroughs, FAQs) that is at risk of loss, as well as covering the cultural and societal impact of computer games (eg. research on impact of games on children’s development).

Web Comic Archive

This collection contains webcomics published in the United Kingdom. The comics cover a wide variety of subjects and are produced by a diverse range of creators, including many voices not frequently represented in traditional publishing. The collection includes examples of renowned (and sometimes award-winning) webcomics, as well as independently produced comics which may not be as well-known. Due to current technological restrictions in capturing online material (as of 2017), some elements of these items (such as embedded video) may not appear within the archived item as they did when published online.

Zika Virus Outbreak, South America 2015-16

Special Collection of websites, curated by staff and graduate trainee digital archivists at the Bodleian Libraries, Oxford University concerning the UK perspective of the South American Zika virus outbreak in 2015-16. The outbreak began in April 2015 in Brazil, and spread to other countries in South America, Central America, North America, and the Caribbean. In January 2016, the World Health Organisation said the virus was likely to spread throughout most of the Americas by the end of the year; and in February 2016, the WHO declared the cluster of microcephaly and Guillain?Barré syndrome cases reported in Brazil ? strongly suspected to be associated with the Zika outbreak ? a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. It was estimated that 1.5 million people were infected by Zika in Brazil, with over 3,500 cases of microcephaly reported between October 2015 and January 2016.

Zines and Fanzines

A collection of online zines and fanzines published in the UK. This is a growing collection and if you would like to nominate any content to the collection you can fill in the online form: